Arthur Borthwick
157th N.Y.V. Infantry
1836 -1909
My friend Paul Decker sent this photo to me for posting. It is his wife's (Laurel) great great uncle, Arthur A. Borthwick who Enlisted, at the age of 26, on August 30, 1862 in Cortlandville, N.Y. On September 19, 1862 he was mustered into the 157th N.Y.V.I., Co. K. He was mustered out, as a Sergeant, with the rest of his company on July 10, 1865 in Charlestown, S.C. Arthur is buried in the Center Lisle Cemetery, N.Y. Another great great uncle of Laurel, Arthur Howland, served with the N.Y. 5th Cavalry, unfortunately there is no photo available.

157th Infantry Regiment
Madison and Cortland Regiment
Mustered in: September 19, 1862
Mustered out: July 10, 1865

Colonel Philip P. Brown, Jr., received authority, August 13, 1862, to recruit this regiment in the then 23d Senatorial District of the State. It was organized at Hamilton, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years September 19, 1862. June 22, 1865, the men not to be mustered out with the regiment were transferred to the 54th Infantry.

The companies were recruited principally: A at Hamilton, Madison, Sherburne and Georgetown; B at Oneida; C at Hamilton, Cincinnatus, Marathon, Cuyler, Taylor, Willet, Solon, Freetown and Pitcher; D at Scott, Preble and Homer; E at Cortland, Virgil, Harford and Cortlandville; F at Smyrna, Smithfield, Lebanon, Georgetown, Hamilton, Eaton and Madison; G at Canastota, Lennox, Clockville, Wampsville, Oneida and Hamilton; H at Homer, Truxton and Cortlandville; I at Sullivan, Smithfield and Hamilton; and K at Cortlandville, Marathon, Harford, Freetown and Virgil.

Organized at Hamilton, N. Y., and mustered in September 19, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 25, 1862. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Gordon's Division, Folly Island, S. C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to February, 1864. 1st Brigade, Ames' Division, District of Florida, to April, 1864. District of Florida, Dept. of the South, to June, 1864. District of Hilton Head, S. C.,Dept. of the South, to October, 1864. 3rd Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, Coast Division, Dept. of the South, to February, 1865 (Detachment). Regiment garrison at Fort Pulaski, Ga., October, 1864, to February, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, Northern District, Dept. of the South, to March, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, District of Charleston, S. C., Dept. of the South, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.-Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till November 1, 1862. Movement to Centreville, Va., November 1-19. Advance to Fredericksburg, Va., December 8-17. At Stafford Court House till April 27, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg, Pa., Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Movement to Morris Island, S. C., August 6-17. Siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, and against Fort Sumpter and Charleston August 17-September 7. Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg September 7. Picket and outpost duty on Folly Island, S. C., and operating against Charleston till February. 1864. Expedition to Johns and James Islands February 6-14. Ordered to Jacksonville, Fla., February 23 and duty there till June. Moved to Hilton Head, S. C. Expedition to Johns and James Islands June 30-July 10. Operations against Battery Pringle July 4-9. Boudren's Causeway July 9. Duty at Morris Island till October. Moved to Fort Pulaski, Ga., October, 1864, and duty there as garrison till February, 1865. A detachment with Hatch's Expedition up Broad River November 28-30, 1864. Battle of Honey Hill November 30. Partridge Hill December 3. Demonstration on Charleston & Savannah Railroad December 6-9. Deveaux's Neck December 6. Tullifinney Station December 9. Expedition to destroy Charleston & Savannah Railroad January 14-16, 1865. Duty at Morris Island till March, 1865, and in District of Charleston till April. Potter¿s Expedition from Georgetown to Camden, S. C., April 5-25. Dingle's Mills April 9. Operations about Sumpter and Statesburg April 9-15. Statesburg April 15. Occupation of Camden April 17. Boykins' Mills April 18. Denkins' Mills and Beech Creek, near Statesburg, April 19. Duty at Georgetown and Charleston, S. C., till July. Mustered out July 10, 1865. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 54th New York Infantry.

During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 5 officers, 50 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 40 enlisted men; of disease and other cause's, 2 officers, 104 enlisted men; total, 9 officers, 194 enlisted men; aggregate, 203; of whom 1 officer, 4 enlisted men, died in the hands of the enemy.